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Bartholomew's Cathedral will be redeveloped as the Dom-Römer Quarter until , including several reconstructions of historical buildings that were destroyed during World War II.
The building complex has been continuously extended over the years, with eventually eleven houses connected to each other, resulting in a rather confusing interior.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Frankfurt historian Anton Kirschner remarked that the Frankfurt city hall had "stairs, yards, halls and rooms in a labyrinthian mixture".
In , the city bought the Frauenrode house, in the Viole house and in the Schwarzenfels house, which were all architecturally connected to the main complex.
Then, in the city council bought the Wanebach house, which stood next to the Goldener Schwan , as well as the building to the left of the Haus Römer , the Haus Löwenstein , and had both of them connected to the Römer.
These construction projects were very complicated, since the floor heights of Löwenstein and Römer were radically different. In , the Frauenstein house and the Salzhaus were added.
Finally, in the city bought the Alt-Limpurg house to the right of the Haus Römer for , marks.
The current neogothic front with a balcony was built from more imposing, but mayor Franz Adickes decided against Kaiser Wilhelm 's suggestion and had the front designed in a more welcoming manner.
At the same time, the houses Frauenrode and Viole were demolished to make way for streets through the city centre.
They were replaced by a newly erected building to the east. This new building is divided into two wings by the Braubachstrasse.
These two wings the north wing and south wing are connected by a bridge. The Frankfurt citizens, who paid their taxes in the north wing, named the covered bridge the Seufzerbrücke the "Bridge of Sighs" in reference to the other Bridge of Sighs in Venice.
The two towers in the south wing attracted nicknames as well: the larger one was called Langer Franz Tall Franz in homage to the city's tall mayor and the smaller one the Kleiner Cohen Small Cohen after a popular song of the time.
On the night of March 22, , the Römer , along with the rest of the centre of Frankfurt, was largely destroyed in one of the heaviest Allied bombing attacks of the Second World War.
When the building was rebuilt after the war, the Alt-Limpurg , the Römer , and the Löwenstein houses, whose roof structure had in part withstood the attack, were restored in a simplified form.
The completely destroyed houses Frauenstein and Salzhaus were rebuilt in a simplified style. The Löwenstein house has an open stairwell.
The Römer was re-inaugurated in by president Theodor Heuss. The interior has also been redesigned. In the renovated city council meeting hall was completed.
The entire three-storey building complex occupies about 10, square metres and consists of nine houses, encircling six courtyards.
The front, with today's main entrance, faces the Römerberg plaza. The exterior features of the set of buildings reflect a wide breadth of Frankfurt and Germany's history, even though they were designed at the beginning of the 20th century.
The left-hand corner of the Alt-Limpurg displays the so-called Frankfurtia , the female embodiment of the city. In the middle, the Haus Römer shows the four kaisers of the Holy Roman Empire , two city coats of arms, a clock face, and a placard describing the most important facts about the building.
The four kaisers are Frederick Barbarossa the first king to be elected in Frankfurt , Louis the Bavarian who gave convention rights to the city and allowed an expansion of the city , Charles IV who made Frankfurt the location of the Kaiser selection vote , and Maximilian II the first kaiser to be crowned in Frankfurt cathedral.
The balcony was and is used as a public stage for state visits and sporting events - for example, the soccer world champions in the Women's World Cup in and the runners up in the FIFA World Cup.
Another approach was chosen for the design of the fronts of the two north-east houses the Wanebach and the Salzhaus. In contrast to the other houses in the complex, instead of reconstructing the old Wilhelminean front, the architects created a completely new design using a combination of medieval timber framing and modern styles.